gang rape
sexual assault committed by more than one person or a group of persons
general deterrence
a principle of sentencing that acts to discourage criminal acts by sending a message that offences of a certain nature will be dealt with harshly
the mass destruction of an entire population of people
grand jury
members of the public who decide whether or not the facts presented by the Crown attorney warrant an indictment and eventual trial of the accused; only used in Nova Scotia
being found by the court to have committed the crime with which the person was charged or some lesser offence
habitual offender
see “recidivist
halfway house
a community setting which is an alternative to incarceration for youth or a home for men and women who have completed part of their sentence in prison; they are aimed to provide supervision of offenders while also helping them reintegrate back into society at the end of their incarceration
to annoy by repeated attacks of unwanted attention. In order to prove that this is unwanted the offender should be told to stop, if they continue then it can become criminal harassment (see “criminal harassment”)
hate crimes
crimes directed against persons, families, groups, or organizations because of their racial, ethnic, religious, or sexual identities or their sexual orientation or condition of disability
hate propaganda
writings, signs or representations that advocate or promote genocide or which promote hatred against groups because of their racial, ethnic, religious identities or gender
an investigation before a court in which evidence is presented
what someone else has been heard saying, as contrasted with the direct evidence of the witness personally; hearsay is generally excluded as evidence in a trial
directly or indirectly causing the death of another person
homicide survivors
the family or close friends of a person who has been murdered
hung jury
a jury that cannot reach a unanimous verdict – the jury is dismissed and a new jury is formed and the case is tried again
hybrid offence
an offence where the Crown attorney has the choice as to whether to charge the accused with committing an indictable offence (an offence that could result in prison time) or a summary conviction offence (an offense that could result in a fine)