To help you, as a victim, to understand the process in which you have been forced into, we have designed and created this “Victim’s Dictionary.”

All of the terms that we have included in this book are terms that you may hear as a victim of crime, and that are commonly heard in court. It is our hope that you will be able to take this with you, and that it will help you understand some of the words and phrases that you hear in the courtroom.

This booklet is meant only to be an aid to you during your experience with the criminal justice system. All of the definitions that are provided are short and simple – an easy reference for you while you are in court, talking to someone or even on the telephone. If you have any further questions regarding any of the definitions, or would like more information regarding any aspect of the criminal justice system you may contact our office, or your local victim services office.

We sincerely hope that this dictionary will assist you in participating in the criminal justice process and that it will help you to better understand some of the technical and legal proceedings and vocabulary.

The Dictionary is organized alphabetically below.


Feedback about our Victim Library is greatly appreciated.

Please vofv(at)victimsofviolence(dot)on.ca if you have any comments, or to report errors or omissions.

Last modified: October 21, 2015

Updates to our Victim Library would not be possible without funding from
Department of Justice Canada