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Victims of Violence

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Victims of Violence is a federally registered charitable organization.

Since our inception in 1984, the mission of Victims of Violence has been:

  • To provide long term support and guidance to victims of violent crime and their families and to aid families of missing children in the search for their loved ones;
  • To conduct research on issues affecting victims of violent crime and to act as a resource centre providing information on these topics for victims and the community;
  • To provide to governments, news media, and the community a victim's perspective on issues affecting victims of violent crime; and
  • To generally promote public safety and the protection of society.

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Research – Criminal Injuries Compensation

Violent crime is a social phenomenon which, unfortunately, affects many Canadians. As a result, many provincial governments have taken an active approach in attempting to lessen the impact of violent crime on victims. Although a price cannot be put on the multitude of ways a victim can be impacted, there is often a visible financial impact on victims of crime. Financial compensation may help lessen certain aspects of this victimization, especially the loss of wages, medical bills, and costs of therapy. If eligible, victims of violent crime may seek financial compensation in the province where the crime occurred. This information package intends to inform Canadians of the financial compensation available to them, as well as eligibility criteria and the procedure for applying.

We have organized this information by province below.

Alberta

In Alberta, the Victims of Crime Act of 1997 created the Victims of Crime Fund and introduced the Financial Benefits Program. Any provincial fines and surcharges which result from criminal proceedings in the province are used to fund this program. The Victims of Crime Fund is administered by the Public Security Division within Alberta Solicitor General and Public Security. The Financial Benefits Program in Alberta aims to provide victims of crime who have suffered physical or emotional harm as a direct result of a violent crime in Alberta a one-time financial benefit based on the victim’s injuries to aid in the quickest most efficient recovery of the victim.

Who is eligible?

An individual who has suffered physical or emotional harm as a result of a crime that occurred in Alberta may be eligible for benefits under this program. The crime must have been reported to the police within a reasonable time and the victim must provide his/her cooperation to the police investigation. There is two-year window to apply for financial benefits. A victim does not need to wait for charges to be laid or for a conviction. However, in cases where a victim endured circumstances under which he/she could not reasonably have applied during the two-year limit, exceptions may be made. Examples of this might include a child victim whose parents did not apply on his/her behalf or a victim who has suffered a brain injury and has been hospitalized for an extended period of time. Finally, the applicant must cooperate with the Financial Benefits Program and provide any authorization necessary for the program to make inquiries and obtain any necessary information to decide upon the application. The program also allows applications from a guardian or agent acting on the victim’s behalf if the victim is a child or disabled. For deceased victims, a surviving family member acting on behalf of the deceased may apply for a death benefit.

Certain specific exclusions exist as well. Those victims who were charged or convicted of an offence as a result of the incident may not apply for financial benefits. In addition, victims of motor vehicle or property offences such as impaired driving or break and entry are not eligible to apply. Finally, other than those family members who apply for a death benefit on behalf of a deceased victim, secondary victims such as family members of the victim or witnesses to the crime are not eligible for the program.

What benefits are available?

The Financial Benefits Program of Alberta provides financial assistance in the form of a one-time sum based on the severity of the injuries. A monthly supplement may be available in the cases of quadriplegia and the most severe brain injuries. In the case of a death, a survivor may apply for a death benefit; if awarded, there will only be one death benefit awarded for a deceased victim and it may be shared among eligible survivors. The amount of any one-time sums is determined by regulations in the Victims of Crime Act. This program does not provide compensation for any costs or losses as a result of the incident such as property damage, medical expenses, funeral costs, loss of wages, or pain and suffering. To seek compensation for these costs, a victim may take civil action against the offender or inquire with the Crown or Police about seeking restitution as a part of the sentencing of the offender.

The application process

In order to apply for financial benefits, victims of crime in Alberta must submit an application form, which requires information such as victim’s personal information, applicant information, information surrounding the incident, injury information, and any relevant authorizations. The staff of the Financial Benefits Program will usually obtain any relevant additional police or medical records required to make a decision. The Criminal Injuries Board is an appointed board which conducts independent reviews of the financial benefits decisions. Decisions will be provided in writing to applicants and usually take a minimum of four months to be administered.

Restitution can be sought by victims who wish to receive additional compensation for costs or losses incurred as a result of victimization. Restitution refers to payment demanded of the offender to repay the victim for the losses they have suffered. Restitution may be ordered to compensate damage, destruction, loss of property, bodily or psychological harm, expenses incurred in moving out of the offender’s house, as well as losses incurred by unknowingly purchasing or lending money on stolen property. In order to apply for restitution, a victim must fill out the Request for Restitution form given to them by police (if not given, request one). The police will then send the form to the Crown prosecutor, who will determine whether an application will be made to the court. If the Crown declines to make the application, the victim may request the court to do so on its own motion. The judge will decide at the sentencing hearing if restitution will be awarded as a part of the offender’s sanctions. For more information regarding restitution, the Financial Benefits Program, or any other general victim information and to receive or submit applications for financial benefits, please contact:

Alberta Solicitor General and Public Security
Victims Programs
10th Floor, J.E. Brownlee Building
10365-97 Street
Edmonton, Alberta T5J 3W7
Telephone: 780-427-7217
Fax: 780-422-4213
Toll free (in Alberta): 310-0000, ask for 780-427-7217
www.victims.gov.ab.ca

 

British Columbia

Victim Compensation in British Columbia is handled by the Crime Victim Assistance Program which is governed by the Crime Victim Assistance Act as a part of the Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General of BC. This program came into force in 2002 when it replaced the Criminal Injury Compensation Program previously operated by the Worker’s Compensation Board. The Victim Assistance Program aims to provide victims of crime the opportunity to more quickly and efficiently recover from the effects of violent crime in order to resume normal life and participate actively and safely in their communities.

Who is eligible?

The Crime Victim Assistance Act allows financial assistance to be provided to victims injured as a result of certain violent crimes, immediate family members of an injured or deceased victim, as well as some witnesses of violent crime. Each category entails a different application and different available financial benefits. Under the Act, a ‘victim’ refers to a person who is injured or killed as a direct result of a prescribed offence or when acting as a ‘good Samaritan’ during various activities as listed by the Act.

In addition to victims, family members of victims may apply for financial assistance. Eligible family members include the victim’s spouse, child, or parent. The legal requirements for each of these categories of family members, however, is broad. A spouse may include a common-law spouse or an ex-spouse who is still eligible to receive financial benefits according to another enactment (i.e. separation agreement). As for the children of victims, biological children as well as those children which the victim treated as his/her own are to be regarded as children eligible for benefits. Similarly, a parent may also refer to a guardian who stands in the place of a parent to a victim.

The final category of potential beneficiaries are witnesses. A witness refers to an individual who has a strong emotional attachment to the victim but does not have to be related to the victim. In addition, this individual must have witnessed in close proximity a) “a prescribed offence that causes a life threatening injury to, or the death of, the victim” and/or b) “the immediate aftermath of a prescribed offence that causes the death of the victim, in circumstances that are sufficient to alarm, shock and frighten a reasonable person with that emotional attachment to the victim.” Finally, this individual must have suffered psychological harm that a) “is diagnosed by a registered psychologist or a medical practitioner as a recognized psychological or psychiatric condition; and b) in the opinion of the person who makes the diagnosis, is a result of the circumstances of the situation”.

What benefits are available?

The benefits available for each category of recipients differ slightly:

Victims

  • Counselling services or expenses
  • Medical services or expenses
  • Dental services or expenses
  • Prescription drug expenses
  • Protective measures, services, or expenses – for those who are at risk of additional harm from the perpetrator
  • Income support – for those who experience an effect on their ability to work and who previously had employment
  • Lost earning capacity – for those who experience a long-term effect on their ability to work and who did not previously have employment
  • Vocational services or expenses – for victims who need a new career path as a result of the crime
  • Transportation and related expenses, and transportation-related childcare
  • Repair or replacement of damaged or destroyed personal property – i.e. eyeglasses, disability aids, clothing
  • Disability aids
  • Childcare services or expenses – for victims who have a disability as a result of the crime which prevents them from caring for their children
  • Homemaker services or expenses
  • Personal care services or expenses
  • Home modification expenses
  • Home maintenance expenses
  • Moving expenses
  • Vehicle modification or acquisition
  • Support for a child born as a result of a prescribed offence
  • Crime scene cleaning

Immediate family members

  • Counselling services or expenses
  • Prescription drug expenses
  • Transportation and related expenses, and transportation-related childcare – to seek counselling services or attend legal proceedings
  • Funeral expenses
  • Bereavement leave
  • Income support – for individuals who were financially dependent on the victim
  • Loss of parental guidance for a minor child – for children under the age of 19
  • Vocational services or expenses
  • Childcare services
  • Homemaker services or expenses
  • Crime scene cleaning

Witnesses

  • Counselling services or expenses
  • Prescription drug expenses
  • Transportation and related expenses, and transportation-related childcare
  • Crime scene cleaning
The application process:

The Crime Victim Assistance Program applies only to those offences which are set out in the Schedule of Offences which includes virtually all violent offences except those deaths which occur as a result of a motor vehicle offence or employment. The crime must have taken place in British Columbia. In addition, applications must be made within one year of the offence, with exceptions made for offences against minors who have one year from their 19th birthday to apply, as well as sexual offences, which do not have a deadline. Payments may be made in the form of a lump sum, a service, or in periodic payments. A police report is essential to the filing process, but it is not necessary to lay charges against the offender. The review of an application can take a fair amount of time, and applicants will be advised in writing of the decision made by the reviewer(s).

*There are separate forms for each category of applicant, all of which (along with additional information) can be found at: http://www.pssg.gov.bc.ca/victimservices/

To submit forms, or to receive any additional information, please contact The Crime Victim Assistance Program directly at:

The Crime Victim Assistance Program
P.O. Box 5550 Stn. Terminal
Vancouver, BC  V6B 1H1
This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Telephone: 604-660-3888
Toll free (in BC): 1-866-660-3888

 

Manitoba

In Manitoba, financial benefits for victims of crime may be sought through the Compensation for Victims of Crime Program.

Who is eligible?

Those who have been injured as a result of a crime, as well as immediate family members of a person who was killed in a crime, may receive benefits. In addition, individuals who were injured while aiding a police officer or while attempting to prevent a crime may also be entitled to compensation. There are a few additional details pertaining to the eligibility of an applicant. The crime must have been reported to the police within a reasonable amount of time and the victim must have provided any necessary assistance with the investigation and apprehension of the offender. As well, the application must be filed within one year of the incident. Finally, the victim’s injury must not have occurred while participating in a criminal offence or having acted in a way that contributed to his or her injury.

What benefits are available?

The types of benefits that are available to victims and family members include:

  • Payment of medical expenses (prescription drug costs, ambulance bills)
  • Replacement of damaged clothing (or items seized by police as evidence)
  • Any dental treatment which may be required as a result of the incident (i.e. denture replacement)
  • Replacement or repair of prescription eyeglasses
  • Grief therapy or other counselling services
  • Compensation for lost wages if the victim has been disabled (or for dependants if the victim was fatally injured)
  • Support payments for dependants
  • Rehabilitation or retraining as a result of injuries
  • Compensation for permanent disability
  • Funeral expenses

Costs which are NOT covered by the Compensation for Victims of Crime Program include:

  • Compensation for pain and suffering
  • Stolen items/money or damaged property
  • Injuries which occurred when Workers Compensation is payable
  • Injuries which occurred as a result of a car accident
  • Injuries sustained outside of Manitoba
  • Benefits that are payable through other insurance plans or programs

While considering an application, the staff will consider any other financial benefits being received by the applicant in relation to the injury or death of a victim. This may include benefits from such programs as Canada Pension Plan, Employment Insurance, Workers Compensation, and Employment and Income Assistance. It may also include any private insurance held by the applicant as well as any funds received as a result of civil action.

The application process:

To apply for compensation, an applicant must fill out and return the Application for Compensation form within one year of the incident. These forms include such information as the victim and/or applicant’s personal information, injury information, details of the crime, estimate of expenses (including receipts if possible) and various other financial details. The staff of the Program will gather any relevant additional information that is necessary to make the decision and the applicant will be notified of the decision in writing. If the applicant is in disagreement with the decision, he or she may request, in writing, a review of the decision within 60 days. If he or she still disagrees, the decision may be appealed.

For more information, or to find a copy of the application form, please contact:

Compensation for Victims of Crime Program
1410-405 Broadway
Winnipeg, MB  R3C 3L6
Telephone: 204-945-0899
Fax: 204-948-3071
Toll Free: 1-800-262-9344
www.gov.mb.ca/justice/victims/index.html

 

New Brunswick

Financial benefits are available to victims of crime through the Compensation for Victims of Crime Program in New Brunswick. In order to apply for financial compensation, a victim of a violent crime which occurred in New Brunswick must apply through the New Brunswick Services for Victims of Crime within one year of the crime. This time limit may be extended in cases of sexual offences, for which the application must be made within one year from the day the offence is reported to the police. In order to be eligible for compensation, the victim must have cooperated with the police as well as the court process if charges were laid. If the victim is under 19 years of age, or is a person unable to apply, a parent or guardian may apply on his or her behalf. The benefits available to the victim may assist with expenses, such as medical and dental costs, physiotherapy, funeral expenses, relocation, and childcare, which are not covered by other means, such as other government initiatives or private insurance policies.

As very little information is available on the internet, in order to receive additional information about this program and the application process, as well as other programs such as restitution, please contact the Victims Services Office in your area:

 

Nova Scotia

Although not providing direct monetary compensation for victims of crime, the Criminal Injuries Counselling Program offers to pay for professional counselling for victims of violent crimes committed in Nova Scotia. This program works with approved professional counsellors. In addition to direct victims of violent crime who have experienced such violence as assault, sexual assault, and robbery, immediate families of murder victims and those who were injured in the process of attempting to stop a crime from being committed may also be assisted through this program. The Criminal Injuries Counselling Program aims to alleviate a degree of the personal trauma which results from these types of violent incidents.

Following the crime, it is important to promptly report the incident to the police. It is also important that the victim continuously cooperates with police and other criminal justice officials in the investigation and prosecution of the crime. Once the crime has been reported, an application may be filed with the nearest Provincial Victim Services office or the Criminal Injuries Counselling Program at the Victim Services head office. The application for counselling must be completed and submitted within one year of the crime, though some exceptions may apply. On average, a decision on the counselling program will be completed once the investigation of the crime is complete and the program staff has been able to receive and review the entire police report. If the application is approved, the victim will be sent a list of counsellors that have been program-approved in their area. Billing will go through the program but, when making your first appointment, you should ask whether there will be a fee beyond that.

The Criminal Injuries Counselling Program does not provide any financial compensation for victims of crime, either for the injury they have suffered or for any financial losses or property damage that was suffered in addition to the injury. Restitution, however, provides an opportunity for victims of violence to recuperate a fraction of the costs they have incurred as a result of the incident. Restitution is a court order that requires the offender to pay the victim an amount of money toward the financial loss or property damage that the individual suffered as a result of the crime. A judge may order restitution at sentencing, and according to their discretion, if an application has been filed.

In order to apply for restitution, the applicant must complete a Request for Restitution as well as submit the relevant documents to support the claim (i.e. receipts, estimates, letters from employers). The form can be obtained from the police and must be submitted to the police as soon as possible in order to ensure that the information is available to the court for sentencing, as the police will be providing this information to the Crown attorney. Restitution may be ordered for damage or loss to property, financial loss occurring as a result of physical injury, etc. If restitution has been ordered by the judge part of sentencing, the court will send the victim a copy of the order that outlines the amount of restitution to be paid as well as the time period in which the offender must pay the victim.

For more information about the counselling program and to receive or submit application forms, please contact:

Criminal Injuries Counselling Program
5151 Terminal Road, 1st Floor
P.O. Box 7
Halifax, NS  B3J 2L6
Phone: 902-424-4030
www.gov.ns.ca/just/victim_services/programs.asp

** For more information about restitution, to receive or submit forms, please contact your local police or victims services office.

 

Ontario

In Ontario, a victim of crime can seek financial compensation through the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board (CICB). A group of appointed members all over Ontario form a quasi-judicial adjudicative agency that awards financial compensation to victims of violent crimes that occurred in Ontario. The CICB is an independent agency of the Ministry of the Attorney General formed under the Compensation for Victims of Crime Act. The CICB members are appointed by Orders in Council and have special expertise in their fields which relate to their ability to make these types of decisions. They aim to provide victims of violence the financial means to overcome the hardship they have been forced to endure as a result of their victimization.

Who is eligible?

Those individuals who have been injured as a result of a violent crime which occurred in Ontario may be eligible to receive financial compensation from the CICB. Examples of might include assault, sexual assault, or manslaughter. In some instances, victims or their dependants may apply for the injury termed mental or nervous shock. Eligibility injuries include:

  • Being directly injured (physically or psychologically) as a result of a crime of violence committed in Ontario.
  • Being a witness of crime or coming across a crime scene (must meet criteria for mental or nervous shock).
  • Being responsible for the care of a victim of crime and having suffered a loss of income or had expenses as a result of the victim’s injury or death.
  • Being the dependant of a deceased victim.
  • Being injured while attempting to prevent a crime or while aiding a police officer.

Although the crime must have been committed in Ontario, the applicant does not have to be a resident of Ontario. Additionally, the crime must be reported to the police but a conviction or laid charge is not necessary in order to file an application. A claim should be filed with the Board within two years from the date of the incident. However, in certain cases an extension request can be made and the Board will consider an extension according to the circumstances. The Board may opt not to award compensation if there is not enough proof to support the application, if the victim failed to promptly report or cooperate with a police investigation, if the claimant contributed to the incident which caused the injury, or if compensation is being received from another source. If the victim is under the age of 18 or unable to manage their own affairs, a legal guardian must fill out the application on their behalf.

What benefits are available?

The Board requires original receipts and/or supporting documents before they will make an award for compensation, including the following:

  • Medical, dental or therapy treatment expenses
  • Funeral and burial expenses
  • Legal representation and costs
  • Travel expenses related to treatment
  • Pain and suffering
  • Loss of employment earnings
  • Loss of support
  • Maintenance (in the case of homicide)
  • Personal injury (mental or nervous shock)
  • Other (costs associated with support of a child born as result of sexual assault)

In order to receive compensation for mental or nervous shock, serious circumstances must be demonstrated. The Board will consider such things as the degree of violence which was involved, the relationship between the claimant and the person involved, whether the claimant was at the scene and how he/she learned of the incident. In order to be awarded compensation under this type of benefit, the applicant must establish that he or she suffered psychiatric/psychological injury induced by the shock resulting from the violent incident. The Board will not award compensation for the regular grief, stress, and sorrow that results from the death of a loved one.

The Board will not consider granting compensation for the following:

  • Damaged or stolen property as a result of a crime
  • Car accidents
  • Legal fees for criminal court and or civil suits (only considered if lawyers are involved in the Board hearings)
  • Distress of attending criminal court
  • Workplace accidents
  • Crimes committed outside Ontario
  • Monetary loss due to fraud
  • Suicide
The application process:

In order to apply for compensation, the claimant must fill out an application form; there are two forms, one for injury and one for death. The form can either be downloaded and filled in on the computer or printed and filled in by hand. The original form must be submitted to the Board. Should the victim wish to have information provided to a claimant applying on their behalf, the victim must provide the Board with written permission to speak with this person.

Once the application forms have been submitted to the Board, the information will be added to the Board’s computer system and a Compensation Analyst will review the file and consider any missing information or police information. If the claimant did not answer all of the questions, it will delay the process. Once the file is complete, the claim will be scheduled for a hearing, which can take the form of a documentary (written) hearing, an oral hearing, or an electronic hearing. The hearing will review all of the collected information to decide if the claimant has been a victim of a crime of violence, if an injury as resulted from the crime, and an amount of compensation which should be awarded. The Board will decide which type of hearing will be held. If a written hearing is held, the victim does not need to be present and a Board member will make a decision based on written evidence alone. If an oral hearing is decided upon, the victim must be present; usually two members of the Board will make up the hearing panel and will question the victim regarding the incident and their injuries. Finally, if the Board decides to hold an electronic hearing, the victim must participate via telephone conference.

Once the hearing has taken place and the Board has completed their decision, the Board’s written decision and award cheque, if applicable, will be mailed to the victim. There are a number of types of awards that can be given: a lump sum, periodic/monthly, interim, or variation. The Board may award an interim award before the hearing is held, given the long waiting period, for medical and therapy expenses. Finally, a change in the claimant’s circumstances may warrant a variation award, changing the amount of compensation. The process usually takes approximately two years to complete. If the victim does not agree with the decision of a single Board member, he/she can make a written request for a new hearing with two new Board members; if an award was already sent to the claimant, the cheque must be returned before the review hearing. If the claimant is still not in agreement with the final decision, an appeal can be made, only on a point of law (not the amount awarded), to the Superior Court of Justice within 30 days of receiving the order.

For further information, to seek an application form, or to submit an application form, please contact:

Criminal Injuries Compensation Board
439 University Avenue, 4th Floor
Toronto, ON  M5G 1Y8
Telephone: 416-326-2900
Fax: 416-326-2883
Toll Free: 1-800-372-7463
www.cicb.gov.on.ca/en

 

Prince Edward Island

As a result of the Victims of Crime Act which came into effect on September 30, 1989, criminal injuries compensation is available to victims of crime who are deemed eligible as set out under this act. Applications may be made through the Victims Services in each area, with the intent of aiding to ameliorate the position of victims who have financially, physically, and emotionally suffered as the result of a violent crime committed in PEI.

Who is eligible?

A victim, or someone acting on their behalf if they are unable to apply on their own, may apply if they have been injured as a result of a violent crime such as assault, sexual assault, murder, or if a parent or dependent was killed as a result of an eligible crime which occurred after the Victims of Crime Act came into effect. An “injury” may include actual bodily harm, emotional trauma resulting from sexual assault, or mental or nervous shock. Claims may be reduced or denied if the victim provoked or was partly to blame for the offence, or if he/she was doing something unlawful at the time of the offence. Finally, compensation from other sources will be taken into consideration when deciding the existence or amount of financial benefits appropriate, such as the offender, insurance, employment insurance, worker’s compensation, a civil suit, or social assistance.

What benefits are available?

Victims who are eligible for benefits may receive compensation for certain expenses and losses such as:

  • Wages or salary lost because of injury or death
  • Funeral expenses
  • Pain and suffering
  • Support of a child born as a result of sexual assault
  • Medical or dental expenses
  • Other reasonable expenses, except for property loss or damage
The application process:

Although special circumstances may merit an extension, the victim must generally submit an application within one year after the crime occurred. In order to receive the necessary forms and obtain assistance with the application process, victims must contact Victim Services. A victim’s Victim Services Worker will assist in obtaining all relevant information such as medical reports, letters from employers or counsellors, receipts, and information from the court process. After the file has been completed, the worker will send the application and their report to Provincial Manager of Victim Services. For all claims under $1000, the Provincial manager or the designated lawyer in the Legal Services Division can decide the granting of and amount of compensation. For all other claims, the Provincial Manager or lawyer must write a report with recommendations to the Attorney General who will then make the decisions. The claim may take two years to be completed.

If a victim is in immediate financial need and the claim is likely to be approved, they may be able to receive interim payments for financial expenses resulting from the crime. In addition, as further information about an injury or the crime often becomes available following the result of the claim, victims may apply within two years for a variation of the claim decision. Finally, if a victim does not agree with the decision on their claim, appeals may be made to the Supreme Court on any question of law.

To receive any further information or to proceed with the application process, please contact:

Honourable C.R. McQuaid Family Law Centre
1 Harbourside Access Road
P.O. Box 2000
Charlottetown, PE  C1A 7N8
Telephone: 902-368-4582
Fax: 902-368-4514

OR

263 Harbour Drive
Suite 19, 2nd Floor
Summerside, PE  C1N 5P1
Telephone: 902-888-8217 or 902-888-8218
Fax: 902-888-8410
http://www.gov.pe.ca/jps/index.php3?number=1000941&lang=E

 

Québec

In Québec, compensation for victims of violent crime is available as a result of the Crime Victims Compensation Act (CVCA). The direction of the CVCA falls under the Commission de la santé et de la securité du travail (CSST) and the processing of the applications is the responsibility of La Direction de l’indemnisation des victimes d’actes criminels (IVAC). The CVCA aims to provide victims of violence with the financial means to overcome criminal victimization and the relevant injuries.

Who is eligible?

An application for benefits may be made under the plan if a victim is injured or killed as a result of a violent crime which has been listed as one of those included in the Act or if the victim has been injured, killed, or incurred property damage while attempting to aid a police officer, arresting or attempting to arrest an offender, or preventing or attempting to prevent an offence from occurring. In addition, if a minor victim has died, the victim’s dependants or parents may also receive compensation. Each of these categories of individuals may be eligible for a variety of financial benefits. A victim of a crime committed in Québec but who is not a resident of the province may also apply for compensation under the same guidelines as residents.

In addition to inclusion criteria, there are also factors which may render a victim ineligible for financial benefits from the CVCA. If the victim contributed to their injuries or death, is killed or injured as a result of a workplace accident, has taken part in a crime that caused a victim’s death, or is injured or killed as a result of a motor vehicle accident, they are not eligible for financial compensation from the CVCA.

What benefits are available?

Compensation categories include medical assistance, permanent disability benefits, rehabilitation services, and death benefits. Certain covered expenses that were incurred as a result of the incident may include ambulance, medications, transportation, orthotics and prostheses, dental care, and physiotherapy. If, following the completion of treatment, the victim remains permanently affected or disabled as a result of the incident they may be eligible to receive continued benefits, the amount of which will be determined based on the degree of physical disability or mental impairment. With regard to rehabilitation services, victims may seek compensation psychotherapy expenses, moving expenses, protection-related expenses, home assistance services, training programs, refresher courses, and job-search programs. Finally, dependants of a victim who dies may receive benefits. Parents of a minor child who dies as a result of crime are eligible to receive $2,000. Additionally, funeral expenses and expenses for transporting the body may be reimbursed for family members who have paid for a victim’s funeral.

In order to apply for any of the benefits discussed above, you must submit an Application for Benefits for Crime Victims and Rescuers. To find this form, or for any additional information, please contact:

Direction de l’IVAC
1199, rue De Bleury
C.P. 6056, Succurscale Centre-Ville
Montreal, QC,  H3C 4E1
Telephone: 519-906-3019
Fax: 514-906-3029
Toll Free: 1-800-561-4822
www.ivac.qc.ca/EN_forms.asp

 

Saskatchewan

Within the Government of Saskatchewan there is a Victims Services division that grants compensation to victims for reasonable expenses resulting from criminal acts such as physical and/or sexual assault, murder, robbery, and kidnapping. In addition, family members of murdered victims may seek financial compensation through this program.

Who is eligible?

Victims of these violent crime may apply for compensation from the government if:

  • The crime occurred in Saskatchewan.
  • The crime has been reported to the police.
  • The harm done is the result of a Criminal Code offence listed in the Victims of Crime Regulations.
  • The applicant has applied for compensation within two years from the date of the offence or, in the case of sexual assault, within two years of the date when the offence was reported to the police.
What benefits are available?
  • Medical costs such as ambulances, prescriptions, dental or chiropractic work, or prescription eyeglasses not covered by another insurance plan.
  • Counselling while being involved in the system.
  • Funeral expenses to a maximum of $3,500 where not covered by other programs.
  • Loss of income not covered by any other agency.
  • Clothing damaged as a result of the crime.
The application process:

In order to apply for benefits, victims must fill out a Victims Compensation Program Application Form, while immediate family members of a murder victim submit a Secondary Victims Application Form. After submitting the application Victims Services staff will review the file, seek any additional information necessary, and advise the applicant of their decision.

In order to find the relevant applications, or to seek any additional information, please contact:

Victims Services, Saskatchewan Justice
Room 610, 1874 Scarth Street
Regina, SK  S4P 4B3
Telephone: 306-787-3500
Fax: 306-787-0081
www.justice.gov.sk.ca/VS-Compensation or www.saskjustice.gov.sk.ca/victimsservices

 

** Unfortunately, Victim Compensation programs are not available in Newfoundland, or the Territories.

 

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Last updated: 2011-02-28

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